[71], With regard to a December religious feast of the deified Sun (Sol), as distinct from a solstice feast of the birth (or rebirth) of the astronomical sun, one scholar has commented that "while the winter solstice on or around December 25 was well established in the Roman imperial calendar, there is no evidence that a religious celebration of Sol on that day antedated the celebration of Christmas". Historically it was prohibited by Puritans when they briefly held power in England (1647–1660), and in Colonial America where the Puritans outlawed the celebration of Christmas in 1659. 28. [193] The German St. Nikolaus is not identical with the Weihnachtsmann (who is the German version of Santa Claus / Father Christmas). Following the American Revolutionary War, some of the inhabitants of New York City sought out symbols of the city's non-English past. Rather than go to The Nutcracker again, go to something different like a Christmas-themed comedy show. [53] Christmas was promoted in the East as part of the revival of Orthodox Christianity that followed the death of the pro-Arian Emperor Valens at the Battle of Adrianople in 378. [70], The tractate De solstitia et aequinoctia conceptionis et nativitatis Domini nostri Iesu Christi et Iohannis Baptistae, falsely attributed to John Chrysostom, also argued that Jesus was conceived and crucified on the same day of the year and calculated this as March 25. [195][196] It is worth noting that across all of Poland, St Nicholas is the gift giver on the Saint Nicholas Day on December 6. Technically, however, this is not the true Christmas season as observed by churches - that has a start date that's actually much later than you might think, if you're only familiar with popular culture depictions of Christmas. Although, like me, I'm sure you'll be wanting to read those previous two the second you finish this one. (federal) = federal holidays, (abbreviation) = state/territorial holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (cultural) = holiday related to a specific racial/ethnic group or sexual minority, (week) = week-long holidays, (month) = month-long holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies John Rutter has composed many carols including "All Bells in Paradise", "Angels' Carol", "Candlelight Carol", "Donkey Carol", "Jesus Child", "Shepherd's Pipe Carol" and "Star Carol". Other Christian denominations do not rank their feast days but nevertheless place importance on Christmas Eve/Christmas Day, as with other Christian feasts like Easter, Ascension Day, and Pentecost. Christmas Day is the feast of the nativity, or birth, of Jesus Christ. The prevailing atmosphere of Christmas has also continually evolved since the holiday's inception, ranging from a sometimes raucous, drunken, carnival-like state in the Middle Ages,[82] to a tamer family-oriented and children-centered theme introduced in a 19th-century transformation. Traditionally, carols have often been based on medieval chord patterns, and it is this that gives them their uniquely characteristic musical sound. The traditional colors of Christmas decorations are red, green, and gold. Christmas … The movies will air on Hallmark Channel and Hallmark Movies & Mysteries, featuring Lacey Chabert, Candace Cameron Bure, Chaley Rose, and more. Why Do Catholic Priests Wear Purple During Advent? The mass of the population had not adopted many of the Christmas rituals that later became general. "[132] The early start to the commerical "Christmas season" should come as no surprise. "Place in the American Christmas," (. 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